Scoliosis is an ailment in which a person suffers from a 'C' or 'S' shaped curve. It has been found that in some patients the curve is stable but in others, it gets more severe with time.
It has been found that in some patients the curve is stable but in others, it gets worse with time. People who suffer from mild scoliosis do not have certain health problems but severe scoliosis can cause respiratory problems in patients.
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There are several causes that cause a person to suffer from scoliosis of various types.
Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by abnormal muscles and nerves. People who suffer from cerebral palsy or spine bifida, are more prone to this kind of scoliosis.
The initial examination is usually carried out by a general practitioner. Patients suspected of having scoliosis are referred to an orthopedic specialist for further examination and decide on the type of treatment needed.
Surgery for scoliosis is only recommended when the curve is greater than 40-45 degrees and is expected to increase more in the future. Today, modern technology is used to carry out operations for better results. Hooks and screws are used to clamp long rods with the spine.
Then the stem is used to reduce and hold the spine and added bone which fuses together with the existing one.
There are two approaches to surgery:
Posterior Surgery Approach: This is done by making a long incision in the back of the spine that is usually along the entire spine of the chest.
Anterior Surgery Approach: This operation is carried out entirely with the anterior approach. This requires an incision and also the removal of one rib. This operation can only be done for the thoracolumbar curve.