To be aware of the greatest possible treatment for ovarian cancer, the physician should recognize the phase of the tumor if it has invaded other cells or when cancer has spread to some areas of the human body. The sample of tissue in the pelvis and abdomen have been required to further assess the speed of their tumor.
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There is a different meaning for different phases. Phase 1a shows that cancer is within one ovary and phase 1b shows that cancer is within ovaries. Phase 1c- in one or both ovaries along with the cancer cells in the fluid within the abdomen must be obtained prior to or during the surgical process.
In Phase 2, cancer cells spread from one or both ovaries affecting different cells in the pelvis such as urinary tract and uterus. The surgeon will try to lower the tumor as far as you can. Following the operation, chemotherapy will accompany the process and might take up to six cycles.
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For Phase 3, cancer cells have been found outside the abdomen and pelvis. The aim of the operation would be to shrink the tumor bigger than 1cm and allow it to vanish. If cancer has spread into intestines, then this organ has to be eliminated too.
Phase 3a shows that cancer growths can be found at the lining of the gut and phase 3b shows the noticeable tumor growth to the lining of the gut about 2cm or less in dimension. Phase 3c tumor grows bigger than 2cm in the lymph nodes at the upper abdomen, behind the uterus or groin.
The most innovative and damaging is phase 4 wherein the cancer cells completely propagate to remote regions of other body organs such as the lungs, liver and other elements away from the adrenal glands.